Diary in English♡August 3rd
Today I had lunch with my friend and teacher who teaches English at the school I used to go to. My friend is going to move to New Zealand for a working holiday. We have known each other since we met at the English school. She is a kind of person who is hardworking, cheerful and cute! I like her. She told us what she did recently and all of her stories were really fun. I'm sure that she will do everything well in New Zealand!
Afterwards I dropped by a 100 yen shop. You can buy almost anything for 100 yen. I bought some things for my working holiday. I have to prepare for my move to the UK!
In the evening I chatted with my mother in the living room. I said, "I have to buy a lot of things for my move. But I don't have enough cash because I paid for language school expenses, a flight ticket, etc. I'm waiting for acceptance of my savings, but the procedures are late. So I have to use my credit card." Then my mother told me that she would help me and we could go shopping this weekend. I was happy to hear that. I'll be too dependent on my mother's kindness!
Thank you for your corrections Farhan and Jack on italki!
fend off : to resist something, to defend yourself against an attack.
fight back : to resist an attack.
I don't understand those differences. I have a dialogue exercise, but I'm not sure my answers are correct or not.
A: Today's training has really zeroed me out! At least now I know how to【 fight back】any attacker.
B: Yes, it's hard, but it's good to know how to 【fend off】if you are in danger.
★Best answer (Thank you George!)
Fend off is more passive. It means you are protecting yourself from someone else's attack.
Fight back is active. You are actively going out and fighting back against something or someone.
You would only fend someone off if you absolutely had to. You can choose to fight back if you are angry about the way someone is treating you, or if you want to stand up against injustice.
In the answer, you'd want to switch the two terms.
A: Today's training has really zeroed me out! At least now I know how to 【fend off 】(protect myself from) any attacker.
B: Yes, it's hard, but it's good to know how to 【fight back 】(attack instead of being the victim) if you are in danger.
★other answers (Thank you Barry and Su.Ki.!)
Yes, this can be very confusing!
"Fend off" is usually in a situation where you are in a fight, but you want to get away. You have to defend yourself, but in the end you're doing everything you can to stop the fight or to get away.
"Fight back" means that you're actually attacking the person or thing that is attacking you.
So when you're fending someone off it CAN involve fighting back because you might want to scratch their eyes or kick them in the... well... painful areas. It depends on the situation, but fending off is more for "defense" and fighting back is more for "attack".
This exercise is easier than you think.
Fend off is transitive verb*, so it has to have an object. You fend off something or someone.
Fight back is an intransitive verb*, so it has no object.
So you have to use 'fend off' in the first sentence, because there's an object - "At least I know how to fend off an attacker" - and you have to use fight back in the second sentence because there is no object - "I know how to fight back".
＊transitive verb 他動詞
＊intransitive verb 自動詞